|With the starting of the 4th century iconography starts
to develop in an important way. Among the numerous reasons for this, is the
coming to power of Emperor
Constantin at that time (4th century) and his spectacular conversion.
Christianity is made the State religion in 380, and the Church enters an era of
peace. It is then that an esthetic creation is setting off that will determine
art for the next centuries. A
Third Ecumenic Council
is held in Ephesus in 431 and proclaims Mary : Mother of God. One starts to
represent the Mother of God sitting solemnly on the throne with the divine
Child sitting on her lap : the Mother of God Kyriotissa.
Bibl.: Fr. Egon Sendler, S.J., Icônes byzantines de la
Mère de Dieu, Desclée de Brouwer, Paris, 1992.
Translation: PW de Ruyter