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|Christ Pantocrator - XIIIth c. Detail of a mosaic icon of the Deisis. Hagia Sophia, Constantinople. Notes|
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1. Mosaic Icon : Part of Deesis in Hagia Sophia Church
The mosaic icon of Christ Pantocrator shown here is part of the large mosaic of the Deesis in the Hagia Sophias South Gallery. The Hagia Sophia church is believed to have been founded by Constantine the Great. It is considered the greatest monument of the Byzantine era that lasted for over 1000 years.
The Second Ecumenical Council was convened in Hagia Sophia in 381, during the reign of Theodosius I (378-395). Some twenty years later (404) the people angered by the banishment of John Chrysostom burned down the church . Rebuilt by Theodosius II (408-450) and consecrated in 415, the church was again burnt to the ground by the rioting crowds during the Nika Revolt (532).
After the repression of the frightful revolt, Justinian conceived the grandiose project of rebuilding the Great Church from its foundations. This time it was to be built on plans well in advance of the times, using new daring vaulting techniques and statics. The men for the task were available. The mathematician Anthemius of Tralles and the architect Isidorus of Miletus worked with imagination and scientific accuracy to create a new design and build a masterpiece that stands unique throughout the centuries. Nothing like it was ever built before or after.
Source: The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople http://www.patriarchate.org/ecumenical_patriarchate/chapter_4/html/hagia_sophia__page_1.html
2. The icon of Christ : The Dogma of Chalcedon
The icon of Christ, God-man, is the Graphical Expression of the Dogma of Chalcedon.
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