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Position window
on screen ::

(A) = hor. scroll
(B) = slideshow

Click links above
to display text
below images

Sretensky Monastery Choir (Moscow) - Troparion
Sretensky Choir - Davis Symphony Hall, San Francisco
Great Doxology from the Utreniye (Morning Service)
   - Traditional Russian Orthodox chant
Russian Orthodox Music[5].
Otche Nash (Our Father) - Bulgarian National Choir
Sergei Rachmaninov - Bogorodice Djewo (Ave Maria)
Divna Ljubojevic (Serbia) - Voice of an Angel
Divna Ljubojevic - Christ is Risen!
Divna Ljubojevic - clip from Concert in Paris
Divna Ljubojevic - clip from Concert in Spain
Divna Ljubojevic - clip from Concert in Evora, Portugal
Divna Ljubojevic - clip from Concert in Vienna
Eastern Orthodox Chant
Greek Orthodox Christian Byzantine Music
Mozart - Alleluja (Exsultate Jubilate) - Kathleen Battle
Tchaikovsky - Waltz of the Flowers

• Akathist Hymn (1st strophe) -
• Ancient Faith Music
• Blessed be who is coming in the Name of the Lord!
• It is Truly Meet - click to see icon (Serbia)
• Praise the Lord, O my soul - Psalm 146
• Russian Sacred Choral Music - Polyansky
• Sergei Rachmaninov - Liturgy of St John Chrysostom
• Sretensky Monastery Choir, Moscow. On opening page,
  click 'here' in column 'On Sale', then make selection.
• The Lord's Prayer - Aleksandar Gavanski (Serbia)
• Today Salvation has come! - Divna Ljubojevic (Serbia)

Music-links Pages
• Bratislava Parish - Slovakia (right-click the links)
• Classical Music in Russia
• Serbian Orthodox Choral Chants

Notes and Comments
To listen to other video music: activate the video, highlight the triangle menu button in lower right-hand corner of video screen (underneath YouTube). Next click on the little pop-up button. Then click on any image inside.

Choral Aesthetics - Further Research
(1) Orthodox Choral and Sacred Music Resources.
(2) Russian Liturgical Choral Aesthetics: Its Past in Tradition and Present in Ruins. By Olga Dolskaya, Associate Professor at the Conservatory of Music, University of Missouri, Kansas City.

NB: Permission to show and play some of the above references is being requested.

Icons Explained is a Guide to Byzantine*
Icons**, Frescoes and Mosaics on the Internet
— from Constantinople to Macedonia to Russia, and around the world.

The Purpose of the site is to enable the visitor to (re)discover and experience the
Beauty and Meaning of Byzantine Icons.

Getting-Started - For best results, I recommend that you read the brief, 6-point outline on this page, starting with 'Introduction' six lines further down. Note, for example, that the site is organized in six chapters, and that there now are two menus you can use to select a subject: the (detailed) menu in the six gold-colored boxes above, and the (simple) menu 'Getting-Started2' further down.

1. Introduction
Sacred, Visual and Spiritual Treasures
Byzantine* Icons** are the sacred, visual and spiritual treasures of the Eastern Orthodox Church. They are an integral part of the Orthodox Christian Faith. Many also are a visible sign of the great devotion and love of the Orthodox faithful for the Virgin Mary, the Most Holy Mother of God.
  * 'Byzantine' refers to the Byzantine Empire, for it was
      during its reign that icons became established.
** Never heard of Byzantine Icons before? Then you
      want to read What are Byzantine Icons?

  Continue to 'Medieval'... (below blue-lined section)


Main text continues here...      Click this line to return

Medieval and Contemporary Byzantine Icons
Two major pages, or imagebases, are at the core of this site: Medieval Byzantine Icons and Contemporary Byzantine Icons.
     Additional pages highlight one or more different pertinent aspects. Collectively, they explain Traditional Byzantine Icons and the Sacred Art of Icon Painting in the context of the Orthodox Christian Faith and Historical Events.
     All information combined is classified into six (6) chapters. The chapter names appear in the gold-colored menu boxes above.
2. Ancient & Medieval Byzantine Icons  Link* 
The Medieval Byzantine Icons page is one of the most visited pages of the site. It houses links to some 4000 ancient and medieval Byzantine Icons, Frescoes and Mosaics. You will be seeing world famous, ancient icons and mosaics, of Christ Pantokrator and the Virgin of Vladimir for example. Some of these were painted by world renowned Greek and Russian Masters, like Theophanes the Greek and Andrei Rublev.
Frescoes & Mosaics
A separate section is devoted to Frescoes & Mosaics. This allows visitors access to most of the Frescoes & Mosaics websites published on the Internet to date, from one single location.
Hint: Click link to Familiarize yourself with the site
3. Contemporary Byzantine Icons  Link* 
Or Iconographers' Index-Imagebase  Link
The Contemporary Icons page or Icon Painters' Index is another popular page. It allows you to visit well over 7000 icons, written by close to 400 living icon painters (iconographers) including several Masters of our time. Many of the icons are every which way as beautiful as their ancient counterparts. And the message is the same as that of 2000 years ago.
4. Byzantine Icons by Subject  Link*
In this chapter you will find all subjects not mentioned before, like the Deisis and the Iconostasis, the most common Icon Types, the Lives of Saints, Understanding Icons, Icon Masters and Icon Schools, and How to Paint Icons.
Icon Gallery Center
The page also provides access to the various Icon Galleries, including the (new) Icon-Gallery-Imagebase.
Click to see a Slideshow of The Great Feasts
5. General References  Link* 
General References are proposed to aid better understanding Byzantine Icons and to help placing the Sacred Art of Icon Painting in the appropriate historical and religious context.
      You like history? No empire has been in power longer than the Byzantine Empire. You can read up on it by visiting the references on Byzantium and the Byzantine Empire. Or read up on Eastern Orthodoxy, the History of Icons and Mosaics, Iconoclasm...
6. Miscellaneous Services
In the Miscellaneous Pages you will find useful services, including: Bibliography, Music (see box to the right), and more.
Thank You for stopping by ! and Enjoy your visit !
And a Special Thank You ! to those among you for your help in showing this magnificent Byzantine Art - to the delight of us all !
* The four Byzantine Art pillars of this site :  (1)  (2)  (3)  (4)
May the Beauty of Byzantine Icons nourish your Heart and Soul !

The Virgin of Tenderness, fresco, exterior of Dormition Cathedral, Kremlin, Moscow.
Cathedral was built in 1479 and rebuilt in the 17th c.
Picture of Russian Icon Tour 2005 (by Fr. Gotlinsky)
Click image to enlarge.

Iconostasis, St. Seraphim Cathedral, Dallas TX.
By Vladimir Grigorenko.
Click to enlarge

1. Galleries  2. Notice Board (Message Center) for Upcoming Events
    All in same window.  Select the Link you need (L)eft or (R)ight.   More Info ==>


Continental Europe,
UK and North America
-- Ranked by date --

Click links above to
get messages scrolling

NB: Main text resumes below with 'Medieval and Contemporary Byzantine Icons'.

Position window
on screen

Beauty will
save the world

   Getting-Started2                   Getting-Started  |  Top of Page  |  See the (Website) Sitemap for additional subjects.  |  Attention! All pages open in a new window.

Icons Explained :: Welcome Page    27-Jan-2011   |   For questions about author,
copyright, and other confidentional information  |  Please   Contact Us  |
Designed for Firefox 1+ and IE 7(8)   Resolution:  (800x600)  (1024x768 px)  (1280x1024)

HELP : Navigation on Welcome Page - Subjects and Services                                              
NOTE : The images at the top are randomly selected and part of a slideshow. They can be set to show for 8 sec or for an hour or more. If required, you can change them yourself by reloading the page. That is best done by clicking the link [ for a next random image ] right underneath the rotating images. When your mouse is in the right place the line turns purple.

Familiarise yourself with the site   |   Make clickable F11 image   |   Music and Chant   |   Navigation Tutorial
Google Search Box   |   Last minute notes   |   Noticeboard / Multi-Purpose Window   |   Music Summary
Music I   |   Music II   |   Music III   |   Video   |   Getting Started   |   Contact Us

Familiarize yourself with the site

How to find what you are looking for has grown into a large site with a wealth of information. Most pages are relatively short while each of them has been written at a different moment and for a different reason. Some overlap therefore is unavoidable. With that in mind this (Welcome) page was written to help you to quickly find out where to go. The best advice I can give you is: read it.

Navigation / Navigational Means
The site is equipped with various navigational means as follows:
  • A detailed menu 'Coolmenus' box 1-6 above, underneath images at the top. (Installed on the site's main pages.)

  • A simple index or sitemap 'Getting-Started2' installed at end of page (March 2008). It permits viewing over 40 pages or major subjects, while the titles are all visible at the same time. Click Getting-Started2 to go there. Attention! All pages open in a new window. (Installed on the Welcome Page only.)

  • Sitemap Tree-menu <—> Alphabetical. Attention! All pages open in a new window.

  • Some earlier pages still have the one-line drop-down destination-box, which will be replaced over time.
Navigation Tutorial
Finally, an 'entry-level' Navigation Tutorial is available in case navigating difficulties are being encountered.

Notice Board or Message Center
You will have noticed that the site has been equipped with a Notice Board or Message Center, and that the window that scrolls the messages also serves quite a few other purposes.

Make 'clickable' F11 image in browser menu
Using your mouse, toggle between Full Screen View (F11) and regular view.
      Installation : in IE browser menu, click 'View', highlight 'Toolbars', then click 'Customize'. In the 'Customize Toolbar' dialog box, you will see 2 boxes. In the left box look for the 'Full Screen' button, highlight it (click it), then click the 'add' button. To further increase screen space, select 'No labels' in the 'Text options' drop down menu (at the bottom of the dialog box), and 'Small icons' in the 'Icon options' menu. Close the dialog box.

Welcome-Page Music-I

Welcome-Page Music-II

When playing a single music file in the (immediately) above box, click STOP to return to the start, or stop the player. When playing a music file on a webpage*, then in order to return to the start, stop the player, and click the page reload button. In Firefox: Stop the player, next click the page-load button (triangle), then the reload button, in that order.
* Note: Several webpages, included at the end, have many music files. Some may be downloaded and played free. To stop play, right click file and click stop. Re-download the page to get back to 'start'.

Google Search Box

Web Icons Explained


Last minute notes
Missing Navigation Items
When clicking a banner image (the wide image showing at the top of the page) or any other image on this Welcome page and also depending on what browser is being used, you may find that the Menubar or Scrollbars are missing in the Fullscreen (maximised screen) that opens when showing the large image. Thus if the page or image is very large you cannot scroll to the bottom of the page, for example.
To continue to a next page, you can right-click any links in the Fullscreen page, which will return menu and scrollbars into your next page. Or, if you want to get the Menubar and Scrollbars onto the page you are viewing, then you must close the Fullscreen view and then right-click the banner image and open the link in a New Window or New Tab.
Mozilla Firefox Browser
The Firefox browser is an excellent browser.
     For viewing purposes I still prefer IE. Its regular and Full Screen display and its easy tab opening are great features. And even though Firefox is speedy, some hard to remember but unexpected annoyances pop up every now and then. For example, the popup iframe cannot be dragged to another position on the web page. On the other hand, doing so in IE is easy. Which makes that IE is a real smooth browser.
     As mentioned above in 'REMEMBER', the quickest way to cycle through all top banner images is to view the Welcome Page in Firefox and to click the link for a next random image underneath the rotating banner image. In all fairness, though, IE does quite a good job also.
     For designing a web page, I definitely prefer Firefox because it is very precise and very consistent. And more consistent than IE. Once the rules are understood, design results are predictable and precise, and it becomes easy to work with. Designing for Firefox first, then making the adjustments for IE is the fastest way to get the web pages to appear identical, or almost identical, in both IE and FF.
     From the resources I have access to, I can see that Firefox's [growing] browser market share presently is about 20%-30%, compared to 60%-70% for IE.


ATTENTION ! Click image of Iconostasis to the left. Then, on the new page that opens, read the interactive features and click - enlarge - see the icons in the iconostasis and the frescoes on the walls !

Multi-Purpose Window

Click on HIGH or LOW (far Left) to position the Multi-Purpose Window on your screen.

Inside the Window many different things can be seen:
Icon Galleries / horizontal scroll (A)*
Icon Galleries / random slideshow (B)
Notice Board (Message Board):
   Announcements, Exhibitions, Tours,
   World News...
Video (YouTube)

Click the links [L] or [R] of the Window to start Slideshows and Videos, or to get the texts scrolling.

* If no images show in the scrolling gallery when loading, first click a (B)link, then an (A)link. If they still won't load, delete the 'Cache', then close the browser and reopen it.

Music  (I)  (II)  (III)
This site provides access to many music files: Orthodox Choral Music from Russia, Serbia, Slovakia ; Christmas Music from East and West ; and Classical Music (MP3 and Midi). Example: click (Praise the Lord, O my soul) and Psalm.146.visual to listen to the Psalm and read the text. You can also visit the Music Page to see what else is available.

To listen to music on this page:
you can select audio files at (I) and (II)
you can select audio & video at (III)